# 3. Subtraction word problems for 2nd grade

These subtraction word problems are great for ages 7 and older who are looking to improve their subtracting skills.

### Anouk had to write a 760 word essay for homework. She wrote 37 words on the first day. How many words does Anouk still have to write?

723

• Explanation

First write the number sentence. Subtract the smaller number of words from the larger number of words:
760 - 37
Now complete the number sentence by finding the difference between 760 and 37:
760 - 37 = 723

### Yannick has a treasure chest of 936 gold coins. He gave 28 coins to his friend. How many coins does Yannick have left in his treasure chest?

908

• Explanation

First write the number sentence. Subtract the smaller number of coins from the larger number of coins:
936 - 28
Now complete the number sentence by finding the difference between 936 and 28:
936 - 28 = 908

### Jasmine wants to be a professional dart thrower. Her coach tells her to throw 550 darts in order to improve. If she threw 53 darts on the first day, how many times does she still need to throw?

497

• Explanation

First write the number sentence. Subtract the smaller number of throws from the larger number of throws:
550 - 53
Now complete the number sentence by finding the difference between 550 and 53:
550 - 53 = 497

### Francis is reading a book that is 362 pages long. He read 26 pages on the first day. How many pages must he still read to finish the book?

336

• Explanation

First write the number sentence. Subtract the smaller number of pages from the larger number of pages:
362 - 26
Now complete the number sentence by finding the difference between 362 and 26:
362 - 26 = 336

### An athlete is training for an ultramarathon that is 160 kilometers long. Before this, he used to race in marathons that were 42 kilometers long. How much further will the ultramarathon be than the races he used to run?

118

• Explanation

First write the number sentence. Subtract the smaller number of kilometers from the larger number of kilometers:
160 - 42
Now complete the number sentence by finding the difference between 160 and 42:
160 - 42 = 118

### A supermarket sells regular and crunchy peanut butter. There are 223 jars of regular peanut butter and 64 jars of crunchy peanut butter on a shelf. How many more jars are there of regular peanut butter?

159

• Explanation

First write the number sentence. Subtract the smaller number of jars from the larger number of jars:
223 - 64
Now complete the number sentence by finding the difference between 223 and 64:
223 - 64 = 159

### The Kruger National ParkThere is home to about 1000 leopards and 120 wild dogs. How many more leopards are there than wild dogs?

880

• Explanation

First write the number sentence. Subtract the smaller number of animals from the larger number of animals:
1000 - 120
Now complete the number sentence by finding the difference between 1000 and 120:
1000 - 120 = 880

### In 2010 there were 27 million kangaroos in Australia. In 2016, the number of kangaroos went up to 45 million. How many more kangaroos were there in 2016 than in 2010?

18 million

• Explanation

First write the number sentence. Subtract the smaller number of kangaroos from the larger number of kangaroos:
45 - 27
Now complete the number sentence by finding the difference between 45 and 27:
45 - 27 = 18, then add the million back to get to 18 million.

### The average male African lion weighs around 190kg while females weigh around 140kg. How much heavier is a male lion than a female?

50kg

• Explanation

First write the number sentence. Subtract the smaller weight from the larger number of weight:
190kg - 140kg
Now complete the number sentence by finding the difference between 190 and 140:
190 - 140 = 50kg